otkaznik (otkaznik) wrote,

Мои сомнения по поводу арабского происхождения Авиценны (ибн Сина) так и не развеялись. Брокгауз и Эфрон дает:

Авиценна, собственно Ибн Сина, арабск. философ и врач, 987-1037, последователь Аристотеля, истолкованного в духе новоплатонизма: "Бог проникает все: он обусловливает необходимость времени, пространства и т. д.

С другой стороны:

Who was Avicenna?

portraitAbu-Alial-Husain Ibn Abdullah Ibn Sina


(980-1037 AD)

Avicenna was a Persian philosopher and physician in the MiddleAges who compiled The Canon of Medicine, a definitive encyclopediaof Greek and Roman medical achievement.


Ibn Sina is often known by his Latin name of Avicenna, although most references to him today have reverted to using the correct version of ibn Sina. We know many details of his life for he wrote an autobiography which has been supplemented with material from a biography written by one of his students. The autobiography is not simply an account of his life, but rather it is written to illustrate his ideas of reaching the ultimate truth, so it must be carefully interpreted. A useful critical edition of this autobiography appears in [7] while a new translation appears in [9].

The course of ibn Sina's life was dominated by the period of great political instability through which he lived. The Samanid dynasty, the first native dynasty to arise in Iran after the Muslim Arab conquest, controlled Transoxania and Khorasan from about 900. Bukhara was their capital and it, together with Samarkand, were the cultural centres of the empire. However, from the middle of the 10th century, the power of the Samanid's began to weaken. By the time ibn Sina was born, Nuh ibn Mansur was the Sultan in Bukhara but he was struggling to retain control of the empire.

Ibn Sina's father was the governor of a village in one of Nuh ibn Mansur's estates. He was educated by his father, whose home was a meeting place for men of learning in the area. Certainly ibn Sina was a remarkable child, with a memory and an ability to learn which amazed the scholars who met in his father's home. By the age of ten he had memorised the Qur'an and most of the Arabic poetry which he had read. When ibn Sina reached the age of thirteen he began to study medicine and he had mastered that subject by the age of sixteen when he began to treat patients. He also studied logic and metaphysics, receiving instruction from some of the best teachers of his day, but in all areas he continued his studies on his own. In his autobiography (see [7] or [9]) ibn Sina stresses that he was more or less self-taught but that at crucial times in his life he received help.


Так что скорее всего он все же был арабом.

Tags: историческое, культур-мультур

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