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Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur, by Maurycy Gottlieb (1878)
|Official name||Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר or יום הכיפורים|
|Significance||Soul-searching and repentance|
|Date||10th day of Tishrei|
|2008 date||Sunset, October 8 – nightfall, October 9|
|2009 date||Sunset, September 27 – nightfall, September 28|
|2010 date||Sunset, September 17 – nightfall, September 18|
|Observances||Fasting, prayer, abstaining from physical pleasures, refraining from work|
Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר, IPA: [ˈjɔm kiˈpur]), also known as the Day of Atonement, is the most solemn of the Jewish holidays. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jews traditionally observe this holy day with an approximately 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days.
Yom Kippur is the tenth day of the month of Tishrei. According to Jewish tradition, God inscribes each person's fate for the coming year into a "book" on Rosh Hashanah and waits until Yom Kippur to "seal" the verdict. During the Days of Awe, a Jew tries to amend his or her behavior and seek forgiveness for wrongs done against God (bein adam leMakom) and against other human beings (bein adam lechavero). The evening and day of Yom Kippur are set aside for public and private petitions and confessions of guilt (Vidui). At the end of Yom Kippur, one considers one's self absolved by God.